Hunting Ethics explained in 20 points
In addition to the requirements of the rules of hunting, fishing and safety regulations in the production of hunting, which everyone strictly follows, there are also traditionally established standards hunting ethics. In general, these are, of course, the same norms that are inherent in any cultural person in relations with other people, in relation to animals and to wildlife in general. However, for example, because of the specifics of hunting - the presence of weapons in the hands of a person, that is, means of increased danger, finding it often one on one with the surrounding nature, where the only controller of actions is his own conscience, the hunter's behavior standards and hunting Ethics have their own characteristics.
1. Compensation through conservation : Hunting Ethics issues
First, every hunter, to some extent using the objects of nature, must compensate for the damage caused to her. Such compensation can be varied. This is an active participation in conservation activities, personal labor participation in biotechnical activities - harvesting feeds for feeding wild animals, the arrangement of feeders, solonetzes, artificial nests, etc. This is the introduction of funds for the management of hunting facilities in the form of fees for permits and licenses, membership fees to societies, etc.
2. Being an example: Promoting rules
Each hunter is obliged to promote hunting rules and to show a personal example in strict implementation, to conduct explanatory work among other hunters and the local population on the need for careful treatment of nature. He cannot safely pass by the facts of poaching, cases of damage to natural resources.
3. Norms : Hunting Ethics
What are the norms of behavior of a hunter when he is in hunting grounds? First of all, it must be said that a real hunter always respects game and trophies with respect. What does it mean? The hunter should not use the plight of animals and birds for their extraction, for example, in high water, ice, cutting snow, drought, when game is collected from a single source of water, and in other similar cases.
A real hunter will not shoot at the moulting birds that are not flying, hlopuntsam, the uterus, trying to take the hunter away from the chicks.
It is inadmissible to shoot in spring in the females, and at any time of the year for birds and animals, on which hunting is closed, on animals not related to hunting species.
Never shoot a beast or a bird in the event that you know in advance that it will be impossible to take them. Most often it happens when hunting for waterfowl, when the hunter must choose a place for shooting so that the broken birds do not fall into the crepe, where they can not be found.
If a detainee is made, be it an animal or a bird, the hunter must take all possible measures to get it, even if temporarily it is necessary to stop shooting at other possible trophies.
It is unacceptable to aimlessly shoot at a flock of flying birds, as well as shooting at game at a distance exceeding the limit of a targeted slaughter shot of this weapon. In the overwhelming majority of cases, such shooting does not ensure the destruction of the target, but it brings out the departing wretches, which later die aimlessly.
When hunting ungulates, you can not shoot a female with a calf or pigs, as the loss of the mother most often leads to their death.
4. Bragging leads the violation of hunting Ethics
A cultural hunter is always proud of his prey, but he will never brag about it before others. Showing the mined animals, he will not casually throw their carcasses. While he is in the field, he will wash away, cleanse the game of blood and dirt, and carefully place it in a yagdtash or backpack. He does not say: "killed" a hare or a duck, but, as a rule, "took", "shot", "mined", "shot in years". The hunter will congratulate the lucky comrade not "with the booty," but "with the field," that is, with the happy process of hiking (hunting).
5. Relationship with the other hunters
Particularly should be said about the right relationship between hunters. It is generally accepted that with a large number of hunters in a certain place of land, the right to choose a hunting or resting place depends on the order of their arrival, taking into account that they do not stay close to each other and do not interfere with the hunting of their comrades. You cannot become or wander around someone else's hut or skryadka, block the ways of approaching the game to him, interfere with the hunter, who hides the game. When banned hunting, you cannot shoot at the beast that goes to the next room.
Undoubtedly, all hunters should have friendly comradeship and mutual assistance. An experienced hunter will always help a young man in word and deed. And quite naturally, between hunters there should be full trust and mutual understanding. A hunter will never approach a foreign bivouac if there is no master. Placed in a hunting hut where many hunters stop, he will never allow himself to spoil anything here, and leaving always he will leave a stock of firewood, salt, matches, if possible biscuits or other products.
6. Invasion should be avoided
Where a self-made fishery is being conducted, the hunter will never go by someone else's path, he will not go up to someone else's trap or trap, after hitting a trapped animal in a trap, the hunter can kill him, and then hide from predators, he will leave in place, but not in any case Do not take someone else's booty.
7. Courtesy when hunting with Dogs
There are customs of courtesy when hunting with dogs. If the hunter unintentionally shot a hare from under a foreign dog, he will certainly give the trophies to the owner of the dog. He traditionally returns the cartridge as a token of gratitude and compensation for the cost of the charge. When hunting two or three hunters with one girlfriend's dog, they agree on the sequence of shooting.
8. Behaving with the trophy
It's not ethical to argue about who produced this trophy. It is generally believed that the hunter and the other large game were fired by that hunter who fired a shot that stopped and put the beast. The hare, duck or other small game belongs to the hunter, after the shot of which the run or flight was interrupted.
9. Unnecessary shootings and noises are not smart
Raised hunters will never allow extra shooting in the grounds, as well as screams and unnecessary noise. All this is not compatible with this hunt. If it is necessary to shoot a gun or practice shooting, then it should be done at the end of the hunting process, in a place that meets the requirements of safety regulations. This is either a far-sighted open area, or a rampart, a mound of land, a ravine slope, and the like. In no case can you hang a target on a tree at the level of a person's growth.
10.Drunkenness is forbidden
In general, drunkenness in hunting is unacceptable. Not only can a drunk person not properly assess the situation and the process of hunting becomes meaningless for him, the presence of a weapon in the hands of a drunk makes him extremely dangerous for others. Statistics show that more than 90 percent of accidents occurring on the hunt are related to the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
11.Don’t take others’ place
In the ethics of a hunter and a fisherman, there is much in common. Like the hunter, the fisherman does not sit down on the place occupied by others, will not touch the rigging and extraction of other anglers, will not float in the boat near someone else's placed fishing rods, without permission, drill a hole less than five meters from the holes of a comrade who has gone biting.
12.Respect the local people
Hunters need to know a bit about the general culture of people in the land. Unfortunately, still sometimes one has to see a road sign shot through a shot, an index plate on the railway or in such places. I also had to see hunting huts, boat piers, and artificial nests for ducks, broken by random unorganized fishers, made by hunters of hunting facilities. And even burned hunting and fishing huts. Hearing and harsh quarrels, right up to the fight, between hunters and fishermen, allegedly interfering with each other to do their own things (and it's on a huge pond!) Heard. People who admit such actions cannot be called not only cultural, but also generally normal people.
A cultured person will never leave behind him on a bivouac a pile of garbage, cans, especially broken bottles. Having encountered any forestry or biotechnical structures in the forest, it will not damage them. If, due to the circumstances, it is necessary to use hay or straw for accommodation, he will first of all think about the work of people who have prepared this hay or straw, and will make the stack or shovel remain intact, and not rot in the future in the rain.
14. Don’t harm the nature
Even in the taiga, not to mention the less wooded areas, before you cut down a tree for a fire, a pole, a raft or for other needs, you should first look around, think and chop down that tree, which for natural reasons no longer has prospects for growth, and not Choose the most beautiful, slim and healthy.
Being on the farmstead of the farm, it is necessary to observe the order established there, cleanliness, rules of the hostel, to treat carefully the inventory.
The place for the fire must be chosen so that it does not appear to be a source of fire, and when leaving, it is necessary to fill the fire with water or to cover it with earth until it fades completely.
16.The Tradition: Collective or personal
The traditional culture of hunting has got some rituals accompanying the process of hunting, the sophistication of hunting clothes, hunting accessories. However, this, as well as the presence of a much larger number of different types of game animals, determined the variety of ways of hunting. Hunting can be collective or by the individuals accompanying some friends. In the overwhelming majority, hunting is either individual or involves the participation of two or three or four close friends who work in close contact. Unlike collective hunting, , this allows for more personal hunting initiative, much better understanding the habits of animals, the laws and secrets of natural phenomena, using this knowledge to achieve success in hunting.
However, of course, and his clothes, the hunter should be paid the closest attention. It should match the hunting season, weather conditions, be well-fitted, do not interfere with movements, do not create unnecessary noise when moving, for example, in thickets. Appearance of the hunter should not cause dislike both for hunting companions, and for other people who meet with him. It is absolutely not permissible, especially for city hunters, to appear in public places after hunting in clothes stained with dirt or, especially, with traces of blood on it or on a backpack in which the game is lying.
Many types of hunting are not possible without proper camouflage. Therefore, a good hunter must have camouflage suits for winter and autumn hunting, especially when collective hunting, for example, on ungulates, where the success of the whole team depends on the actions of one person. You can give an example. When carrying out the winter pike hunting for elk, a new man entered the hunting team. Previously not being on such hunts, he arrived completely unprepared. Not only that the new pump gun was in no way suitable for shooting a large beast. At an air temperature of about minus twenty degrees, he was dressed in a light leather jacket, jeans, sneakers and a sports cap. Within an hour of hunting, only one kind of this "hunter" frozen through and through caused the whole team to be discouraged, and his constant hints that it was time to return to the base did not contribute to the success of the hunt.
Hence another conclusion - you need to carefully consider not only the selection of their hunting equipment, but also fellow hunting. It is especially important to have good, reliable team-mates with many-day hunting trips in the taiga, in the mountains, on large bodies of water, where almost always there are some extreme situations, and not only the success of hunting depends on the actions of hunters, but often their health, life itself .
Among hunters, a deep "knowledge of hunting" has always been revered. This is a fairly broad concept, including knowledge of hunting weapons, equipment, habits of wild animals, the subtleties of various ways of hunting. For an uninitiated person, hunting is walking in the forest, in the field, in the swamp with a gun. Jump game - shoot. And almost every hunter in his youth began with this. But in the future, hunting for a real hunter takes on a special meaning. Over time, each one has his favorite types of hunting, which he knows to the point. Only in this case, hunting becomes not just a prey of a piece of meat, but a real art, a process that brings joy and satisfaction, often even regardless of the amount of game mined. Speaking about the culture of hunting, it should be noted that of course a hunter who owns a hunting dog of any breed has advantages over other hunters. Of course, in modern conditions, unfortunately, it is difficult to support and prepare good hunting dogs, especially to the townspeople.
Compliance with all the above rules do not require much effort, but will make hunting and fishing not only fascinating, but also enjoyable, delivering a deep satisfaction process, will not cause negative attitudes among others.